March 22, 2016 by auntkatefirmin
Bartholomew seems to be the favorite name in the early Horsell families, although Ruben was also pretty common. If I count Henry & Edith Horsell as generation one, then generation five has two Bartholomews and generation six has three.
It’s interesting that a family with a continuous line of seven generations of Bartholomews (starting with the Bartholomew baptised in 1607) lived in a place where the church was dedicated to St Bartholomew the apostle. The earliest Bartholomew Horsell lived in an era when names from the Bible were becoming more popular; he was a younger son of Henry, after William, Humphrey, Reuben, Nathan, and John. So some of the names in the family (Henry, William, Humphrey, and John) were traditional English names dating back to the Norman era and earlier while Reuben, Nathan[iel] and Bartholomew were names that indicate the influence of the Protestant Reformation which brought a different set of names into more common use.
Of the Bartholomews baptised in 1703 and 1708, what I am calling generation five, I have assumed that the elder married Mary Mapson in October 1733. While I can’t prove the assumption without a doubt, the older man was the second son of Bartholomew (the eldest son of Bartholomew Horsell of the 1701 will), and the younger man was the youngest son, of a younger son, John Horsell. My conclusion is based primarily on the notion that the first of the two men to marry would be the one with the best prospects; I have assumed that man would be Bartholomew (1703) who I believe inherited one property from his grandfather Bartholomew and may have received money and property from his father as well. The Bartholomew who married Mary Mapson wrote a will in 1783, and in it devised a great deal of property to his heirs including more than one freehold messuage; nothing is known of a marriage or will for the other Bartholomew. In short, I believe that Bartholomew (1703) had more resources than Bartholomew (1708), that he was able to increase his wealth, and that he is the man who married Mary Mapson.
Since there is only one marriage record and only five baptismal records for a Bartholomew of this generation, I have also made the working assumption that of the cousins in the fifth generation only the one Bartholomew had a family. While hopefully time (and more study) can confirm these guesses, nothing discovered so far contradicts this assumption.
In generation six, all three of the cousins named Bartholomew married and had children. I don’t regard my current conclusions as proved, only as working assumptions. However, the assumption that the three married in order of age allows me to more easily review the possible relationships of the descendants. Of the first two marriages, only Bartholomew and Martha had a son who is believed to have survived to carry on the name of Horsell. Bartholomew and Jane had a large family of daughters and one son Bartholomew who has not yet been fully researched; I have not made it a priority to thoroughly track them all. While I have not verified the research, indications are that Bartholomew & Ann have many living Horsell descendants.
The three marriages are:
-1751 to Jane Andrews
-1754 to Martha Mapson
-1766 to Anne Rowley
The youngest of the three Bartholomews was baptized in 1738 and is thus the most likely candidate for the spouse of Anne Rowley in June 1766. Happily, after 1765 the baptisms include the mother’s name. Since only one Bartholomew of this generation married an Anne, their surviving children can be identified as: Mary (1767), Bartholomew (1769) & William (1772). He died in 1812 and based on his will he bequeathed two freehold properties, one known as “Greenhill,” to his son Bartholomew who was “beyond the seas in service of his country” at the time the will was written. He identified his daughter Mary as Mrs. William Parham. His wife Anne & son William were the residuary legatees. [Thanks, Liz!]
If, for the purpose of assigning children, I say that the Bartholomew baptized in 1728 married Jane Andrews in 1751, and the Bartholomew baptized in 1730 married Martha Mapson in 1754, that’s at least someplace to start. In this scenario the families look like:
Bartholomew & Jane (married 1751):
1757-1765 see below
1762 Jane [assumed as namesake]
Bartholomew and Jane’s family continued to increase for 26 years until 1777 (which leads me to suspect that Jane was a younger bride as she would have been 47 in 1777 if she was 21 in 1751). While the baptism dates of *three of the girls are quite close, all three had Jane listed as the mother. I am currently assuming that this Bartholomew died in 1780 or 1782, in part because the burial of Susannah in 1784 is reported as “child of Jane” as opposed to child of Bartholomew, and in part because he is one of the three Bartholomews that could fit the 1780 or 1782 burial date and that leaves the other death as his uncle, Bartholomew (1708), who then died in either 1780 or 1782.
Bartholomew & Martha (married 1754):
1754 Sarah (possibly died as a pauper in 1792)
1757-1765 see below
1775 Joseph (died in 1826)
Bartholomew and Martha’s family continued to increase; however I am mystified by the young man baptised in 1783 and noted as the son of Bartholomew & Martha. For the sake of argument, let us say that Martha was 16 when she married in 1754; that would make her 45 in 1783. Stranger things have happened – however I think there is a story hidden somewhere which could be as simple as Bartholomew being baptised late for some reason. If his son was born in 1783, then he must be the Bartholomew who died in 1801, rather than one who died in 1780 or 1782.
Children of Bartholomew Horsell not yet assigned to Jane or Martha
Since Aunt Kate is not descended from any of these five Bartholomews, I will leave the final proofs to another researcher and (at least for the moment) content myself with this first draft as there are many other questions to pursue. In part, I have followed the descendants of Henry through the generation of Elizabeth Horsell (who married John Wayt and moved to Swindon) to get a better understanding of the extended family, including her brother (Bartholomew 1728). It would be interesting – but quite an undertaking to compare the lives of her children those of her nieces and nephews. If my conclusions are correct, Bartholomew Horsell (1703-1783) was a cousin of Elizabeth’s father Henry (1700-1762). I have no doubt that cousin Bartholomew was an influential person in Wootton Bassett in Elizabeth’s lifetime; she would have been nearly 60 when he died in 1783 at age 80.
In part, I was hoping that following the line of the eldest sons might provide a clue as to the location of the property in the will of Bartholomew (1642-1701). Alas, that is probably not a simple question although I will most likely return to the High Street and Beaman’s Lane in Wootton Bassett to review the clues that have been uncovered so far.